How Do Braces Function When Straightening Teeth

How Do Braces Function When Straightening Teeth among Children and Adults?

Mar 01, 2020

Dental braces are appliances useful for correcting crooked or crowded teeth or a misaligned jaw also known as malocclusion. Braces are most often used in adolescence but an increasing number of adults are choosing to get braces later in life for aesthetic reasons.

Braces are made from metal or ceramic, wires, and bonding material that attached them to your teeth. Orthodontists are specialists in providing this kind of appliance for the treatment of misaligned teeth. The success of the braces will vary according to your age, the time when the treatment begins, and the treatment goals you have in mind.

Braces are known to be effective for people that have them but the effectiveness of the treatment will depend on the person and his or her ability to follow the instructions of their orthodontist carefully.

Types of Braces

The type of braces recommended by your orthodontist will depend on several factors like your age and whether you also have an overbite besides having crooked teeth. The braces will be custom made and personalized to the needs of each patient.

The classic variety that comes to mind for most people that are suggested these appliances is metal braces that are bonded to each tooth individually. An archwire is used to put pressure on the teeth and jawline and the elastic O-rings connect the archwire to the brackets. The archwire needs to be adjusted periodically as the teeth gradually move into the desired position and the elastic bands are switched out during appointments with the orthodontist.

Even though metal braces are popular in the minds of people other types have also been introduced which include:

  • Ceramic braces or clear braces that are less visible.
  • Lingual braces that are attached entirely behind the teeth.
  • Invisible braces are available in the form of aligner trays that can be removed and placed back throughout the day.

How Do Braces Move Your Teeth?

Your teeth begin to move when the braces apply constant pressure on them for extended periods. The shape of your jaw begins to gradually adapt to conform to the pressure.

It is a belief among those people that as our teeth are connected directly to the jawbone it will be difficult to imagine how they can be moved. However, beneath the gums is a membrane surrounded by bones that root the teeth to the jaw. This membrane controls the position for the teeth and it responds to the pressure exerted on your teeth by the braces.

The task of getting the braces will not be painful during the appointment which will take about two hours to complete. Some soreness may be experienced during the first week as you need time to adjust to the new appliances in your mouth. You may also experience some soreness every time the braces are adjusted by the orthodontist.

How Do Braces Work for Adults When Compared to Children?

It may surprise you to learn from family orthodontics that you are never too old to have braces in your mouth. However, there are some particular advantages of starting the treatment early in life.

When braces for children are suggested their jawline and underlying tissue are still moving around as they finish developing into an adult. Their jawline has more flexibility and their teeth are more responsive to the treatment. The treatment time needed will not be long because their teeth respond quickly to the braces. However, after the teeth and jaw have stopped developing there are some adjustments that braces cannot accomplish.

Adults are required to undergo the same process as children when they want to get braces for themselves. Apart from the duration of the treatment adults may also have to consider other things when they consider having orthodontic treatment.

Women who are pregnant or trying to get pregnant must discuss with their OB-GYN about whether braces can affect their pregnancy. Adults with underlying health issues must also discuss with their primary doctor if they are concerned about the effects of braces.


Braces function by exerting pressure on the jawline to change the appearance of your smile. Having straight teeth along with a jaw that is properly aligned can have an impact not just on your appearance but also on your overall health. Braces cannot provide you overnight results because they work slowly and the treatments can vary for everyone. If you are curious about getting braces it is suggested that you speak with Varallo Orthodontics who can advise you on the best course of action after examining your mouth and offering you an appliance that will change your smile forever.