Braces Are an Essential Part of Orthodontic Treatments for Adults and Kids

May 08, 2020

When the teeth of the upper and lower jaw that are designed to fit neatly together to not function appropriately it can increase the risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Orthodontic treatments diagnose and correct the problems with teeth and jaw alignment with the help of braces both for adults and kids.

Overlapping, crooked, and crowded teeth can cause a wide range of problems including:

  • Tooth decay and gum disease because teeth that are very close to each other are difficult to clean properly.
  • Tooth decay and gum disease is a result of the buildup of plaque.
  • Gum injuries can be caused when the teeth do not meet their partners in the other jaw and may dig into the gums to cause injuries.
  • Wear and tear may result when the teeth do not sit properly from the actions of chewing.
  • The self-confidence of the individual can be affected when he or she feels embarrassed and uncomfortable to smile.

Diagnosing the Problems of Teeth and Jaw Alignment

Many tests are conducted by orthodontists to diagnose problems with the alignment of the teeth and jaw. They may decide to take x-rays of the mouth along with impressions of the upper and lower teeth to make plaster casts.

Types of Orthodontic Problems

Some of the common orthodontic problems are the following:

Overbites happen when the top teeth overlap the bottom teeth more than necessary. When you close your mouth you can expect to view about 50% of the lower teeth. If you are unable to view as much as desired it is a problem of an excessive overbite.

Underbites happen when the bottom jaw overlaps the upper jaw. When your mouth is closed the front teeth on the lower jaw will be positioned before the upper front teeth.

Crowded teeth occur when there is insufficient space for the teeth to position themselves side-by-side. This can be caused by large teeth or a small jaw or both.

You can have protruding teeth when the upper jaw is positioned further than the lower jaw.

These problems can be addressed by orthodontists with a range of devices that will be used to move the teeth or to position them properly. The devices include the following:

Teeth braces when small brackets are attached to the front or the back of the teeth and a wire is run through them. The gentle pressure that the wire applies constantly gradually moves the teeth.

Ceramic braces are similar to teeth braces but are made from ceramic and are less visible in the mouth. The wires used with ceramic braces are also colorless and patients have an option to use different colors if they prefer to with the braces.

Invisible braces are available in the form of clear aligners that are made from custom molded plastic that must be worn by the individual for approximately 22 to 24 hours every day. However, individuals have the flexibility to remove them when eating or drinking anything but water and cleaning their mouths.

The Proper Age for Orthodontic Treatments

No age limit has been set to receive orthodontic treatments and anyone from kids to adults can visit an orthodontist for an evaluation to receive the necessary treatment. Most orthodontic treatments are offered after all the permanent teeth have erupted at approximately 11 to 13 years of age. Some treatments may even be offered earlier at the age of eight of nine when kids’ braces will be offered to the child. Adults can also be treated as more and more are presently seeking orthodontic treatments to improve their smile. They will be provided with adult braces or invisible braces for added convenience.

Who Can Provide Orthodontic Treatment?

Dentists are capable of providing orthodontic treatments but usually refer their patients to an orthodontist who is a specialist in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of problems in the alignment of the teeth and jaws. The orthodontist will obtain comprehensive records of your teeth and jaw before diagnosing any problem and planning the treatment to carry it out as needed. The costs for orthodontic treatments can vary depending on the complexity of the situation and any other factors that may be associated.

People with orthodontic issues will be affected because they will be unable to smile properly and also suffer from the problems described earlier. They must accept braces as an essential part of orthodontic treatments because it can help them to begin smiling again with confidence.